PhD in History, University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne; Research Master's in Development Studies, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1988, joined the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as a Development Economist; and occupied various positions, including Deputy Director, Office of Evaluation and Strategic Planning, Director, Bureau for Development Policy; UN Resident Coordinator in Zimbabwe and Brazil. Assistant Secretary-General and Director for Political Affairs of the UN Secretary-General. 2007-12: Executive Director, United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Geneva and concurrently, UN System Staff College, Turin. Currently Executive Secretary, Economic Commission for Africa and UN Undersecretary-General. Has published extensively, including authoring or editing 22 books, mostly on Africa and development issues. Recipient, Honorary PhD in Social Sciences, University of Cândido Mendes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.