Studies in Modern History, Cambridge University. Formerly, with Euromoney, London. 1986-98, with The Economist: 1989, Brussels; 1993, London; 1994, Defence Editor. 1996, helped set up Centre for European Reform; since 1998, current position. Author of biography: Delors - Inside the House that Jacques Built (1994). Author of numerous Centre for European Reform publications including: Can Europe and China Shape a New World Order? (2008); Is Europe Doomed to Fail as a Power? (2009); Cameron's Europe - Can the Conservatives Achieve their EU Objectives (2010); How to build a modern European Union (2013).