Bachelor's degree. Senior engineer. 1973, started career; 1974, joined the Communist Party of China (CPC). Formerly: Deputy Director-General and Director-General, State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense; Director-General, China Atomic Energy Authority; Director-General, China National Space Administration; Vice-Minister of Industry and Information Technology; President, CPPCC Hunan Provincial Committee. Member, 18th CPC Central Committee; Vice-Party Secretary, CPC Liaoning Provincial Committee; Governor of Liaoning Province.