Degree in Law, University of South Africa. 1982, First General Secretary, National Union of Mineworkers (NUM); known for the role played in building the NUM into the biggest trade union in South Africa at the time. 1991, Secretary-General, African National Congress (ANC); played a leading role as an ANC negotiator at CODESA. 1994, Member of Parliament and Chairperson, Constitutional Assembly; played a central role in the drafting of the South African Constitution. President ANC. Founder and Executive Chairman, Shanduka. Non-Executive Chairman, MTN Group; Joint Non-Executive Chairman, Mondi; Director, SABMiller. Developmental licensee, McDonald's South Africa. National Executive Committee Member, ANC; Deputy Chairperson, National Planning Commission. Recipient, several honorary doctorates.