MPH, Univ. of Michigan School of Public Health. Over 20 years' experience in medical technology transfer to developing countries and development of healthcare service delivery models. Directed and assisted: establishment of Aurolab, India; technology transfer and production of intraocular lenses and suture products; Aravind Eye Hospital, India and eye care organizations to become self-financing while serving lower income people; production and distribution of affordable digital hearing aids. MacArthur Fellow; recognized by Schwab Foundation and Ashoka as social entrepreneur.