1971, BA in Economics; 1974, MA and 1980, PhD in Economics, University of Southern California. 1971-72, Assistant to the chief of the Royal Protocol; 1974, Director, Office of Her Majesty the Queen; 1980-84, Economic Secretary to the Prime Minister; 1984-87, Economic Adviser to the Prime Minister; 1987-88, Minister of State for Prime Ministry Affairs; 1988-89, Minister of Supply; 1989-92, Chairman of the Board, Arcon, Amman. 1993-97, Ambassador to the USA and Mexico and since 1993, Head, Jordanian Delegation to the Peace Negotiations. 1997, Minister of Foreign Affairs; 1998, Chief of the Royal Hashemite Court and Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. Member, Foreign Affairs Council in Jordan. Former Member of the Jordan Delegation to the Peace Negotiations and Head, Jordanian Delegation to the Multilateral Peace Talks. Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University. Recipient of honours. Interests: reading, swimming, cultural activities.