Formerly: taught public health nutrition, University of Rome; Senior Scientist, Italian Food and Nutrition Research Institute, dealing with nutrition surveillance, design, management and evaluation of public health nutrition programmes in Africa and Central Asia, implementation of research on biological effects of micronutrients and bioactive compounds in food. With Department of Nutrition, WHO: Regional Advisor, Nutrition and Food Security, dealing with design and implementation of nutrition policy and with nutrition surveillance. Director, Health and Development. Former Member, European Food Safety Authority Panel on Nutrition. Former President, Federation of European Nutrition Societies.