François Villeroy de Galhau has been Governor of the Banque de France since November 2015 and was reappointed for a second term in November 2021. He is a member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank and Chairman of the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (ACPR – Prudential Supervision and Resolution Authority). In 2022, he was also appointed Chair of the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). After graduating from ENA as an Inspector of Finance, he went on to join the French Treasury in 1988. He subsequently held various positions in ministerial offices and in Brussels, before being appointed Chief of Staff for the Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry in 1997, and Head of the French General Tax Directorate in 2000. In 2003 he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Cetelem, and in 2008 became Head of French Retail Banking at BNP Paribas. From December 2011 to May 2015 he served as Chief Operating Officer of BNP Paribas Group. He is the author of several books including L’Espérance d’un Européen (Odile Jacob, 2014) and Retrouver confiance en l’économie (Odile Jacob, 2021).