Bachelor's in Commerce, Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan. Since 1996, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Golden Agri-Resources. Since 2001, President Commissioner, Plaza Indonesia Realty. Since 2003, President Commissioner, SMART. Since 2006, Executive Chairman, Asia Food and Properties. Since 2007: Executive Chairman, SMART Telecom; Vice-President Commissioner, Bumi Serpong Damai and Duta Pertiwi.