1978, BA and 1981, Master’s in Law/Economics, UIBE, China; 1986, JD, Duke University. 1970-73, railroad construction worker. 1999-2003, Vice-Chairman, China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC). 2003-07, Vice-Chairman, National Council for Social Security Fund of China. 2007-14, Vice-Chairman, President and Chief Investment Officer, China Investment Corporation, China’s sovereign wealth fund. Currently, Cheng Yu-tung Chair Professor, School of Law, Tsinghua University; Adjunct Professor, Duke University School of Law. Co-Founder, Stock Exchange Executive Council; was instrumental in the founding of CSRC and the establishment of Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges in the early 1990s.