Graduate, Harvard Business School. Formerly: with First National Citibank; then ENI and IRI Group; President, Tirrenia di Navigazione; CEO & Managing Director, SM Logistics; launched the European travel portal Opodo; CEO and Managing Director, Alitalia. With International Air Transport Association (IATA): 2002, Director-General and CEO; currently Director-General Emeritus; drove major industry changes, including making the IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) a condition of membership; mobilized the industry carbon emissions on climate change strategy to achieve carbon neutral growth by 2020 and cut emissions in half by 2050. Visiting Professor, School of Engineering, Cranfield University, UK. Formerly: Advisory Board Member, Pratt & Whitney; Chairman, Galileo International. Member of the Board: NATS Holdings UK; SAFRAN Group France; AirCastle, US. Fellow, Royal Aeronautical Society, UK.