1950, graduate, Harvard College; 1952, MA and 1954, PhD, Harvard University. 1943-46, with US Army; 1954-69, Faculty Member, Harvard University; 1969-75, Assistant to President for National Security Affairs; 1973-77, US Secretary of State; 1983-85, Chair, National Bipartisan Commission on Central America; 1984-90, Member, President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board. Member: Defense Policy Board; International Council, JP Morgan Chase & Co. Chairman, International Advisory Board, American International Group. Counsellor and Trustee, Center for Strategic and International Studies. Honorary Governor, Foreign Policy Association. Honour Member, International Olympic Committee. Member of the Board, ContiGroup Companies. Adviser to the Board, American Express Company. Director, International Rescue Committee. Recipient of awards including: Nobel Peace Prize (1973); Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977); Medal of Liberty (1986).