Graduate, Harvard Law School, US and University of Manchester, UK. International expert on human rights, rule of law, refugee and humanitarian issues, not-for-profit governance. Formerly: 1980-2001, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; 2001-09, Secretary-General, Amnesty International; Chancellor, Salford University, UK. 2012 - 2019 Director-General, International Development Law Organization (IDLO). Currently UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression. Visiting Professor, Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies, Geneva. Board member of several international human rights and development organizations. Author of The Unheard Truth: Poverty and Human Rights (2009). Recipient of various awards, including Sydney Peace Prize (2006) for work on women's human rights.