Degree in History, Trinity College, Cambridge. Formerly: Speechwriter, office of Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary; 1993-94, with Japan Unit, European Commission. With Financial Times: 1994, Corporate Reporter; 1996-99, Correspondent, China, opened Shanghai Bureau; 1999-2002, Media Editor; 2002-04, Bureau Chief, Washington. With The Times: 2006-07, Business and City Editor; 2007-12, Editor. Since August 2013, Director, BBC News and Current Affairs.