1966, BSc in Int'l Affairs, Georgetown; 1970, PhD in Japanese Economic History, Oxford. Formerly, research associate, lecturer, senior lecturer and visiting prof., Japan and Scotland; 1980-82, Founding Director, Centre for Japanese Studies, Univ. of Stirling, Scotland; 1981-86, Assoc. Prof. of Int'l Business, INSEAD; 1982-86, Director, ASEAN Tech. Transfer and Socio-Economic Dev. Prog., European Commission; 1987-92, Partner, InterMatrix Group; Director, InterMatrix Japan; 1991-92, Visiting Prof., Bologna Center, Johns Hopkins Univ. SAIS, Italy; 1991-92, Affiliated Professor, International Management, London Business School. Since 1992, Professor Emeritus of International Political Economy, IMD International. Founding Director, Evian Group. Member of public policy and academic organizations. Visiting Professor, Hong Kong University and NIIT University, Neemrana, Rajasthan, India. Author of books including The Roots of Modern Japan; and articles on international trade and investment, globalization.