Master's in International Economy, Columbia University; Master's in Economics, Peking University. Senior economist. Since 1989, successively with: National Group Purchasing Power Control Office; Department of World Bank Affairs; International Department and General Administration Office, Ministry of Finance. Currently, Director-General, China PPP Center (China CDM Fund), Ministry of Finance. Has translated and published books, including How to Engage with the Public-Private Partnerships in Emerging Markets; Research of Value for Money of PPP Projects; Financial Commitment Management of PPP Projects; Government Guarantees: Allocating and Valuing Risk in Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects.