Graduate, Oxford University; MSc and PhD, University of Toronto. Thirty-five years of experience in mineral exploration and mining and has worked in more than 30 countries. 1990s, ran a research group at UBC, Vancouver. Wold Professor of Environmental Balance for Human Sustainability, Cornell University. Consults on exploration and technology. Director of private and public companies and a Vice-Chair of a non-profit organization. Holds several advisory roles.