Career started with the Rwanda Revenue Authority, latterly as Deputy Commissioner of Customs for Operations. 2002, joined the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning as Director of the National Treasury Department; 2005, Accountant General, then appointed Permanent Secretary and Secretary to the Treasury; 2009, Minister of Finance and Economic Planning; oversaw the elaboration and implementation of Rwanda’s 1st Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS I), under which Rwanda’s economy was able to achieve high growth at an average of 8% and poverty was reduced by 12% in 5 years from 2006-2011. February 2013, appointed Central Bank Governor. Member of various advisory bodies, including the Presidential Advisory Council. Voted Sub-Saharan Africa Finance Minister of the Year, Emerging Markets Magazine (2012).