BA, Economics, Univ. of Costa Rica; Doctorate in Economics, Univ. of Cambridge. 1988-90, Executive President, Costa Rican Development Corporation. 1994-97, Executive Director, and 1990-94, Chief Economist, Federation of Private Entities of Central America and Panama; 1995-97, Member, Board of Directors, Central Bank of Costa Rica. 1998-2005, Chief Trade Adviser and Director, Trade Unit, Organization of American States. 1997-98, Minister of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica. Since 2005, Assistant Director-General for Policy, International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva. Member: Advisory Panel, 2010 Human Development Report; Board, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development; Steering Committee, Global Trade and Financial Architecture Project. Has taught at: Univ. of Costa Rica; National Univ. of Heredia, Costa Rica; Cambridge Univ., United Kingdom; Georgetown Univ., Washington DC. Author of numerous journal articles on development, trade and competitiveness policies. Author of numerous other articles and editor of several books.