Medical degree, National Autonomous University, Mexico; Master's in Public Health; MA in Sociology and PhD in Medical Organization and Sociology, University of Michigan. 1998, Executive Director, World Health Organization; founding Director-General, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico; 2000-06, Minister of Health of Mexico; since January 2009, current position and Professor of Public Health and International Development, Harvard School of Public Health. Former Senior Fellow, Global Health Program, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Former President, Carso Health Institute, Mexico City. Chair, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington. Author, articles in academic journals, books and book chapters; two books for youngsters explaining functions of human body. Recipient of Clinton Global Citizen Award, (2008).