1975, BA (Hons), Yale University; 1980, PhD in Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Former: Economist, Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System; Charles and Marie Robertson Professor of International Affairs, Princeton University; Counsellor and Director, Research Department, International Monetary Fund; Director, Center for International Development, Harvard University. Member: National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Science; Council on Foreign Relations; Group of Thirty. Former Guggenheim Fellow. Author on policy issues in international finance, including exchange rates, international debt issues and international monetary policy. Co-Author, This Time is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly (2009).