1978, studies in History and Law departments, Peking University; 1991, PhD, Peking University; 1991, studies at Institute of Law, China Academy of Social Sciences. 1995-97, Visiting Scholar, School of Law, University of Washington, Seattle, US; 2001, Guest Researcher, Max-Planck Institute, Munich, on Foreign and International Patent, Unfair Competition, and Copyright Law; 2003-04, Guest Professor, National Tsing Hua University; 2006-07, invited Researcher, Institute of Intellectual Property, Tokyo, Japan. Currently, also Professor, Institute of Law and Intellectual Property Centre, China Academy of Social Sciences. Arbitrator, China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission. Author of seven books and about 50 articles.