1981, BA in Political Economics, Anhui University; 1984, MA in Money and Banking, Fudan University; 1989, PhD in Public Finance, Renmin University, China; 1998-99, Visiting Economist, Columbia University, US; Vice-President, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; Committeeman of Academic Divisions, CASS; Director-General, Institute of Finance and Banking; Director-General, Finance Research Center, CASS. Former member, Monetary Policy Committee, People's Bank of China. Deputy President, China Society for Finance and Banking. Member: Chinese Financial Market Development Committee, Pacific Economic Corporate Committee; Executive Committee, China Society of Public Finance; Executive Committee, China Society of International Finance. Deputy Chief Secretary and Member, Academic Committee. Since 1990: Author of 22 monographs and 300 thesis and working papers; organized and participated in 30 state level research projects and international cooperative studies Recipient of awards including, Sun Yefang Economics Prize (1990, 1994, 1996 and 2007).