Degree in German and Modern History, Univ. of Oxford. 1978, Reporter, The Scotsman; 1981, Business Correspondent, Sunday Times. With Financial Times: 1986-92, Washington Correspondent and US Editor; 1992-98, Brussels Bureau Chief; 1998-2000, News Editor; 2000-02, Editor, Continental European Edition; 2002-05, US Managing Editor; since 2005, current position. Has appeared on ABC, CBS, CNN and on Danish, Dutch, Finnish and French television. Former fellow or visiting scholar: Washington Post; Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, Berkeley; European University Institute, Florence. Author of several books. Frequent lecturer in US and Europe. Recipient of awards: named one of 101 most influential Europeans by Le Nouvel Observateur (1998); St George Society medal of honour for contribution to journalism in the transatlantic community (2009).