Graduate in Geophysics, Sciences Earth Institute, Dakar then National High School of Petroleum and Engines, French Institute of Petroleum, Paris. Geologist Engineer. 2000-01, General Manager and Head, Database Department, Petroleum Company of Senegal; Special Adviser to President, in charge of Energy and Mines; 2001-02, Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics; 2002, Minister of Mines, Energy, Hydraulics, Equipment and Transport; 2002-03, Minister of State for Mines, Energy and Hydraulics; 2003-04, Senior Minister, in charge of Interior and Local Communities, and government spokesman; 2004-07, Prime Minister of Senegal; 2007-08, President, National Assembly of Senegal; 2002-08 and since 2009, Mayor of Fatick. Since April 2012, President of Senegal. Member of several national and international associations of geologists and geophysicists.