1989-93, Head of Section, Economic and Organised Crime, Swiss Federal Office of Justice; concurrently, Member, Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF). Since 1993, Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, University of Basel, Switzerland. Has served twice as Dean, Basel Law School. Has published extensively in the areas of economic crime, criminal law, criminal procedure and sanctioning. Recipient, Honorary Doctorate, Sussex University, UK (2014). Former: Chair, OECD Working Group on Bribery; Member of the Independent Inquiry Committee into the UN’s Oil-for-Food Programme in Iraq (“Volcker Committee”); Member of the Independent Advisory Board, World Bank Group (IAB); Chair, Independent Governance Committee (IGC) to oversee the reform process of FIFA; Chairman, Sanction Appeals Board, African Development Bank (AfDB); Member, Independent Committee to revise the practices of the legal and financial industry in Panama. Founder and Chair, Basel Institute on Governance (BIG); has co-initiated several collective actions, including the Wolfsberg Banking Group and the World Economic Forum’s Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI).