LLB, University of East Anglia, UK; MSc in Marine Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science. Barrister of Gray's Inn, London. 1991-95, Legal Counsel, South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency; 1996-2003 and 2007-10, Legal Counsel, International Seabed Authority (ISA); 2004-07, Counsellor to the Round Table on Sustainable Development, OECD, Paris. Currently, Deputy to the Secretary-General and Legal Counsel, ISA. 2007, Associate Fellow, Chatham House, London. Since 2006, Independent Adjudicator, Marine Stewardship Council. 2002-11, Immigration Judge, UK. Has authored over 25 published books and articles on law of the sea and related issues and has given numerous keynote speeches and formal lectures on law of the sea, seabed mining and high seas governance.