Master's in Economics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati. 1978, elected to Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from the Chandragiri Constituency, Chittoor; Director, AP Small Scale Industries Development Corporation; 1980-83, Minister with Technical Education, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Minor Irrigation portfolios; Chairman, State Karshak Parishad. Former General Secretary, Telugu Desam Party. 1989-94, re-elected to State Legislature with Revenue and Finance portfolios; subsequently elected leader of Telugu Desam Party and 1995, appointed Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. Co-Chairperson, National Task Force on Information Technology; 1999, elected for a second term as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. Recipient of awards.