Graduate, Physics Department, Moscow State University; degree, Plekhanov Academy of Economics, Moscow. Founder, RUSAL and En+Group; Chairman of the Supervisory Board, Basic Element Group. Vice-President, Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs. Chairman of the Executive Board, Russian National Committee. Member, Competitiveness and Entrepreneurship Council, an advisory body of the Russian Government. 2007, appointed by the President of Russia to represent the country on the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Advisory Council (ABAC). Founder, Volnoe Delo, one of the largest private charity foundations in Russia.