BSc in Aeronautical Engineering and Astronautics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA; research in energy resources, environment, IT, telecommunications, finance and entertainment. Formerly: Director, Strategic Environment Centre, SRI International; 1982-86, Head, Business Environment, Royal Dutch Shell Group, London. Co-Founder, Global Business Network. Co-Author: Seven Tomorrows (1982); Energy Futures, Human Values and Lifestyles (1982); Art of the Long View (1991); Inevitable Surprises (2003). Expertise: scenario planning, futurology.