MSc in Planning and MA in International Relations, University of Toronto; degree in Law, Osgoode Hall Law School. Formerly: Partner and Chair, Planning and Development Law Group, Fraser Milner Casgrain, a national law firm; Adjunct Professor of Planning, University of Toronto. 2004, 2006 and 2008, elected to House of Commons; Canada; 2006, President, Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister for Sport; 2007, Leader of the Government, House of Commons and Minister for Democratic Reform; 2008, Minister of Public Safety. Member, Georgina Economic Development Committee; Ontario Brownfields Advisory Panel. Former Executive Member, Canadian Bar Association, Ontario, Municipal Section.