1998-2001, Economic Adviser to Italian Prime Ministers Massimo D'Alema and Giuliano Amato, coordinating the Italian position in the Agenda 2000 negotiations for the EU budget, Lisbon Agenda, European Council and G8 summits. 2001-05, Italian Executive Director and Board Member, IMF, in charge of European coordination. Consultant to the World Bank, European Commission and European Central Bank. Former Deputy Secretary-General and Chief Economist, OECD. Since 2014, Ministry of Economy and Finance of Italy.