MPhil in Robotics Control, Industrial Control Centre, University of Strathclyde, UK; 1995, PhD in Robotics and AI, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK. 1995-97, University Research Fellow, De Montfort University. 1997-2000, Research Assistant Professor and 2000-02, Assistant Professor, Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Engineering Management, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. 2002-04, Lecturer, School of Informatics, University of Manchester, UK. First proposed the concept “attractive regions in the environment”. The work has been reported by Advanced Manufacturing Alert magazine in 1999 and was considered an important breakthrough in 3D robotic precise assembly. Former Member, Program Committee, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation. Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B, and IEEE Transactions on Automation Sciences and Engineering.