1984, Bachelor's (Hons) in International Relations, London School of Economics; 1985, Master's in Philosophy, Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge; 1993, Doctorate in Philosophy, Australian National University. 1986, with Foreign Ministry: 1994-99, with Permanent Mission to UN in New York. With Department of Foreign Affairs: 2001-02, Director, International Organizations; 2002-05, Chief of Staff of the Office and Spokesperson; 2002-05, Director-General, ASEAN Cooperation and Spokesperson; 2005-07, Ambassador to UK and Ireland. 2007-09, Permanent Representative to UN in New York including: 2007, President, UN Security Council; 2007-08, Chairman, UN Security Council Sanctions Committee on the Democratic Republic of the Congo; 2008, Chairman, Asia Group and Co-Facilitator, Presidency of General Assembly for Commemoration of 60th Anniversary of Universal Declaration on Human Rights; 2008-09, Chairman, UN Special Committee on Decolonization. Since 2009, Minister for Foreign Affairs.