1996, English Certificate, Institute of English Studies, University of Warsaw; 1996, Master's in International Relations, Faculty of Journalism and Political Studies, Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw; 1997, Master's in European Studies, College of Europe, Natolin; 2002, Scholar, EU Institute for Security Studies, Paris; 2004, Doctorate, Faculty of Journalism and Political Studies, Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw. 1996-2002, Simultaneous Interpreter, SMG/KRC, a market research institute. Since 1997, Lecturer, National School of Public Administration and Collegium Civitas. Since 1998, Analyst, European Centre, Natolin. Since 1991, Lecturer, then Assistant Professor, Collegium Civitas, Warsaw. 2000-01, Adviser to the Secretary of the Committee on European Integration. Since December 2013, Minister of Administration and Digitization. Adviser to the Vice-President, to the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and for Adviser to the Civic Platform delegation, European Parliament.