1973, degree in Marketing, University of Arkansas, US; 1977, MBA, INCAE-MAE IX, San José, Costa Rica. Formerly: President and General Manager, Importadora Ricamar; 1977-80, Deputy Manager, Citibank; 1994-96, General Director, Panama Social Security Institution; 1999-2003, President of the Board and Minister of Canal Affairs, Panama Canal Authority. President and owner, Super 99, a supermarket chain. President, Plastigol, a plastics factory, Panama. Director: Gold Mills de Panama and Calox de Panama, a flour mill and distributor; Global Bank, Panama. Member: Panamanian Association of Business Executives; Junior Achievement of Panama; National Committee, INCAE Business School, Panama.