Bachelor's in Political Science, University of Illinois; Master's in Law, McGill University; doctorate in Jurisprudence, University of San Francisco. Over 20 years' experience in satellite communications. Formerly: four years as Assistant Director, Aeronautics and Space, Office of Science and Technology Policy, US; General Counsel, Spotcast Communications; Vice-President, Government Affairs, North America, ICO Global Communications, a provider of mobile satellite communications services. With Intelsat: responsible for managing legal team leading government relations and public policy efforts; represents company before US and international policy bodies. Former President: Satellite Broadcasting and Communications Association; Satellite Industry Association.