Founder and Director, Nanophase Technologies Corporation. Former Chair, International Committee on Nanostructured Materials and the worldwide study that led to the US National Nanotechnology Initiative. Honorary Member, Materials Research Societies of India and Japan; MRS Fellow. Has published and spoken widely in areas of defects in solids and nanostructured materials. Recipient: Humboldt Foundation Senior Research Award, Germany (1994); RIKEN Eminent Scientist, Japan (2001).