1976, LLB, University of Tokyo. Thirty-five years with Japanese Ministry of Finance; worked on various budget, taxation, international finance and development issues. Since 2011, Deputy Secretary-General, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. His portfolio includes the strategic direction of OECD policy on Environment, Green Growth, Taxation, Financial and Enterprise Affairs & Anti-Corruption, along with representing the OECD at the Financial Stability Board meetings With OECD: 1978-80, in Economic Prospects Division; 1983-86, Fiscal Affairs Division, Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affairs (DAFFE). 1994, Alternate Executive Director for Japan, World Bank. With Ministry of Finance: 2002, Finance Minister, Embassy of Japan in Washington DC; 2005, Deputy Director-General; 2007, Director-General; 2009, Vice-Minister for International Affairs. Has held academic positions at the University of Tokyo and Kobe University.