BA and PhD, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Formerly with: Cisco; Federal Communications Commission; US Department of Commerce; National Science Foundation; faculty of the universities of Iowa, Indiana and Pennsylvania. Former Research Affiliate, Harvard University. 1989- 2005, Chief, Office of Plans and Policy and Chief, Policy Development, FCC. Works with governments developing national digital and broadband strategies. Member: Board, US Telecommunications Training Institute (USTTI); Advisory Board, Columbia University; US Department of Commerce's Spectrum Management Advisory Committee; Ofcom Spectrum Advisory Board, UK; US Department of State Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy.