BA and PhD, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Formerly with: Cisco; Federal Communications Commission; US Department of Commerce; National Science Foundation; faculty of the universities of Iowa, Indiana and Pennsylvania. Former Research Affiliate, Harvard University. 1989- 2005, Chief, Office of Plans and Policy and Chief, Policy Development, FCC. Works with governments developing national digital strategies and focusing on extending infrastructure and Internet adoption to un and underserved populations. Member: Board, US Telecommunications Training Institute (USTTI); Advisory Board, Columbia University; Board of Trustees, Internet Society.