Degrees in Economics, Politics, and Philosophy, Universities of Oxford, UK and Leuven, Belgium; Doctorate, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands. Formerly with Deutsche Bank, including positions as Director, International Financial Market Policy, Senior Economist, Deutsche Bank Research, and with the Group Board offices. Since 2012, Chief Economist and Head of Risk Analysis, ESMA, the EU's financial market supervisory authority, Paris; responsible for ESMA's analytical work on financial stability, market integrity and investor protection in securities and derivatives markets, the institutional investor industry as well as the financial market infrastructure of the EU; overseeing the authority's statistical and data operations. Technical Adviser, European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB); Co-Chair, ESRB Expert Group on Shadow Banking. Member, IOSCO Committee on Systemic Risks. Professor, University of Mainz, Germany. Senior Fellow, Transatlantic Academy, Washington DC. 2011 Helmut Schmidt Fellow, ZEIT-Foundation and German Marshall Fund.