Former: President, Carnegie Mellon University; Dean, School of Engineering and Vannevar Bush Professor of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2010-13, Director, US National Science Foundation; established the NSF Innovation Corps (I-Corps) and the Global Research Council. Currently, President and Distinguished University Professor, Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Singapore. Co-founder of a technology start-up. Co-inventor on 25 patents. First and only university president to be elected to all three National Academies and one of only 20 Americans to be member of all three: Institute of Medicine (2013), National Academy of Sciences (2012) and National Academy of Engineering (2002). Foreign Member, Chinese, French and German Academies of Sciences.