1984, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris; 1986, Advanced Mathematics and Physics, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris; 1988, INSEAD, Master of Business Administration. 1986-94, Consultant, McKinsey & Co, Paris, London and New York; 1994-98, Chairman and Chief Executive, National Bureau for Technical Studies and Development, Côte d’Ivoire; 1998-99, Minister of Planning and Development, Côte d’Ivoire; 2000-02, Partner, McKinsey & Co, Paris. 2002-08, Aviva: 2002-04, Group Strategy and Development Director; 2004-06, Managing Director, International; 2006-08, Chief Executive, Europe. 2008-15 Prudential: 2008-09, Chief Financial Officer; 2009-15, Group Chief Executive. Since July 2015, Credit Suisse: Chief Executive Officer and Member of the Executive Board, Credit Suisse Group and Credit Suisse. Currently also Member, European Financial Round Table; Member, UK Prime Minister's Business Advisory Group; Board Member, 21st Century Fox.