1988, MBA, INSEAD; 1986, Advanced Mathematics and Physics, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris; 1984, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris. 1986-94, Consultant, McKinsey & Co, Paris, London and New York. 1994-98, Chairman and Chief Executive, National Bureau for Technical Studies & Development, Côte d’Ivoire. 1998-99, Minister of Planning and Development, Côte d’Ivoire. 2000-02, Partner, McKinsey & Co., Paris. 2002-08, with Aviva: 2002-04, Director, Group Strategy & Development; 2004-06, Managing Director, International; 2006-08, Chief Executive, Europe. 2008-15, with Prudential Group: 2008-09, Chief Financial Officer; 2009-15, Chief Executive. Since July 2015, with Credit Suisse: Chief Executive Officer, Member of the Executive Board of Credit Suisse Group and Credit Suisse. Member: European Financial Round Table; UK Prime Minister’s Business Advisory Group; Board, 21st Century Fox.