1980, graduate in Mechanical Engineering, Donetsk Polytechnic Institute; Master's in International Law, Ukrainian Academy of Foreign Trade; PhD in Economics. 1999, Deputy, Donetsk Regional Council; 2006 and 2007, People's Deputy, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Parliament). Since February 2010, President of Ukraine. Member, Academy of Economic Sciences, Ukraine. Honorary Leader, Party of Regions. Recipient of honours and awards.