Master's in Shipping Management Engineering, Dalian Maritime University; PhD in Ship Building and Marine Architectural Design, Tianjin University. Formerly, senior positions including President, COSCO Holding. Since 1998, current position. Chairman: China Association of Trade in Services; Zhenghe Research Association; China Shipowners Mutual Assurance Association; China Merchants Bank. Vice-Chairman: Hong Kong Mercantile Exchange; Panama Canal Authority. Member of the Board: Forum for Asia; Asia-Pacific Advisory, Harvard Business School. Member of several associations including Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits.