1961, AB in Chinese Studies, Tunghai Univ., Taiwan; 1963, MA in Regional Studies (East Asia) Harvard Univ.; 1968, PhD in History and East Asian Languages, Harvard Univ. 1966-67, Lecturer in Humanities, Tunghai Univ., Taiwan; 1967-71, Asst Prof. in East Asian Studies, Princeton Univ.; 1971-81, Univ. of California, Berkeley: 1971-73, Asst Prof. of History; 1973-77, Assoc. Prof. of History; 1977-81, Prof. of History; since 1981, Prof. of Chinese History, Philosophy and Confucian Studies, Harvard Univ.; since 1996, Director, Harvard-Yenching Inst. Former Chair, Cttee on the Study of Religion and Dept of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, Harvard Univ. Editorial Board Member, journals. Fellow, American Academy of Arts & Sciences.