Legal studies; 2006, MBA. Held commercial positions at Shell, Berlin, Hamburg and Rotterdam. 2006, began working for consultancy firm McKinsey & Company. From 2011, Member of the Senate of the States General; Deputy Leader of the Christian Democratic Alliance (CDA) in the Senate and Member of the Senate committees for Finance, Security and Justice, Social Affairs and Employment, and Foreign Affairs, Defence and Development Cooperation. Since October 2017, Minister of Finance. Former: Chair of The Supervisory Board, National Maritime Museum; Member of the Board, Friends of the Hubrecht Institute; Ambassador, Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology.