BA, University of Tokyo; MPhil, Yale University. Formerly: 2002-04, Minister for Foreign Affairs; Economist, World Bank; Minister, Embassy of Japan in the US; 1992, Director-General, Global Environmental Affairs, Ministry of International Trade and Industry; 1993, Managing Director, Suntory; 2000, Minister of Environment; 2004, Special Adviser to the Prime Minister of Japan, responsible for foreign affairs; 2005-13, Member of the House of Councillors, Liberal Democratic Party and Chairwoman, Committee on Environment, House of Councillors and Okinawa Promotion Committee of LDP. Since 2013, Professor, Meiji University. Served on the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament as Co-Chair, and Young Global Leader Foundation Board, World Economic Forum. Currently serving on the Global Ocean Commission, Commission on Global Security, Justice and Governance, US-Japan Foundation Board, Sasakawa Peace Foundation Board, Toyota-Tsusho Board, and Japan Petroleum Exploration Board. Recipient: Wilbur Cross Medal; Star of Jerusalem.