How to read the Economy Profiles
The Economy Profiles section of the report presents a two-page profile for each of the 146 economies covered by this year’s edition. The first page corresponds to the index results, and the second offers a complementary set of contextual indicators and metrics for that economy.
The Global Gender Gap Report 2023 is complemented by a digital explorer, which provides detailed Economy Profiles of all economies featured in the index, as well as a Data Explorer tool enabling the reader to explore 2006-2023 detailed index results, rankings and comparisons by economy, region, indicator and subindex. The Global Gender Gap Data Explorer can be found at http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2023.
To monitor the state of gender parity across the widest possible range of countries, the index performance for an economy is computed when recent data is available for at least 12 of the 14 indicators composing the index. Obsolescence varies by indicator; while most data points date from the past two years or less, for a few cases, up to 10-year-old data points are used for the calculation. Given the update to the labour-force participation rate data series introduced this year, an allowance is made for this edition to include data up to 2010 in individual cases for this particular indicator.
Each Economy Profile is divided into three sections:
The first section presents each country’s overall Global Gender Gap Index rank out of the 146 reviewed countries and its progress, represented on a 0-to-1 scale, towards closing the gender gap and achieving full gender parity (benchmark score of 1). The radar chart on the top left-hand side of each Economy Profile gives an overview of the country’s scores for each of the four subindexes relative to the ideal outcome of full gender parity (score of 1) and the global average score of all economies in the Index weighted by population across all economies.
The second section of each Economy Profile provides an overview of each economy’s ranks and scores on the four subindexes of the Global Gender Gap Index, as well as on the individual indicators that compose each subindex. For each of the indicators, column one displays the country’s rank; column two displays the country’s score; column three locates the country’s score against the population-weighted global average for that indicator (out of 146 economies); column four displays the gap between the female and male value; column five charts the female and male value on a scale, respectively; and, finally, column six provides the minimum and maximum value used to scale each indicator in the previous column. Although full-precision values have been used for calculating ratios and scores, rounded values to one decimal are displayed to facilitate reading. The “n/a” symbol indicates where data is unavailable, and the symbol “-“ indicates where the statistic cannot be computed. Economy scores are highlighted by a colour scale – increasing by 20% intervals from light blue (0.0–0.2; worst) to dark blue (0.8–1.0; best) – to help the reader visually interpret the index results. The female-male values and their gaps are color-coded – purple for men and green for women. The gap between them is coloured based on which gender has the “lead”, or higher value. To calculate the index, all ratios are truncated at the parity benchmark of 1 and thus the highest score possible is 1 – except for the sex ratio at birth (0.944) and the healthy life expectancy (1.06) indicators.
The third section of the Economy Profile includes contextual indicators, which are not incorporated into the calculation of the index but provide relevant information about gender parity in different aspects. These indicators are displayed separately because data is available for only a few economies or is not updated regularly. They are in turn organized into seven thematic groups: a) General indicators; b) Work participation and leadership; c) Access to finance; d) Civil and political freedom; e) Family and care; f) Education and skills; g) Health. The full definitions of all indicators are provided in Appendix B.
Data Explorer online features
A number of additional features may be accessed in the online Data Explorer (available at http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2023). The reader has the possibility to switch between Economy Profiles and interactive index rankings in a tile, bar chart or world map format by clicking on the corresponding icon option at the top-right corner of the page . The reader can also explore data from previous editions of the report and see results by economy income group or by regional grouping by selecting the corresponding option on the “refine by group” drop-down menu on the upper-left corner of the page .
Interactive ranking tables
By clicking on the icon menu at the top-right corner of the Data Explorer , the interactive rankings may be switched between a tile view, which visualizes economies’ overall performance on each subindex for context; a bar-chart view, which depicts an economy’s performance for the selected indicator relative to other economies; and a world-map view, which allows the reader to explore geographical trends and patterns. In the map view, countries are highlighted by an extended colour scale to enhance contrast and readability—ranging in 20% intervals from light blue (0.0–0.2, worst) to dark blue (0.8–1.0, best). In addition, the reader has the possibility to switch between selected indicators and across the time series, narrow their selection to a specific region, or go directly to the results for a specific economy of interest through the drop-down menu strip at the top of the Data Explorer .
Economy Comparison Tool
The reader also has the possibility to directly compare two countries side-by-side and across the time series. The Economy Comparison Tool can be accessed by first selecting an economy through the “search” drop-down menu on the top-left corner of the page, and then selecting a second economy from the “compare with” drop-down menu on the top right corner of the explorer. This feature enables a side-by-side view of indicators for the selected comparison economy relative to the original economy selected in the Economy Profile view of the Data Explorer. The reader may also select the time period for comparison . The reader may return to the original view by clicking on the Back-to-Economy menu option at the top-left corner of the page or may continue exploring the data by clicking through to the other views of the Data Explorer.