Education and Skills

These are the world’s most spoken languages

A welcome sign in multiple languages is seen in the entry area of a new $9 million,14,000-square foot Planned Parenthood health center in Long Island City, in the Queens borough of New York City September 1, 2015.  Picture taken September 1, 2015. To match Insight USA-PLANNEDPARENTHOOD/     REUTERS/Mike Segar

Chinese, Spanish and English are estimated to be the three most spoken languages in the world. Image: REUTERS/Mike Segar

Joe Myers
Writer, Forum Agenda
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on Education and Skills?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how Retail, Consumer Goods and Lifestyle is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

Retail, Consumer Goods and Lifestyle

La langue, Sprache, 語言.

However you say it, we all speak at least one. In fact, more than a quarter of us speak one of just three languages as our native tongue, according to data from Ethnologue, a database of languages.

That’s three languages between more than 2 billion people.

Those three, and the rest of the top 10 most spoken languages in the world, are all visualized in this chart by Statista.

More people are estimated to speak Chinese than Spanish, English and Arabic combined. Image: Statista

Chinese leads the way

It’s probably no surprise that Chinese tops the ranking. Nearly 1.3 billion people speak a variation of Chinese as their first language. This aggregation includes more than 10 varieties; some that you’ve heard of, such as Mandarin, and others, such as Pu-Xian, that you might be unfamiliar with.

Spanish takes second place – and you’re part of a big club if you speak it: 437 million other people, primarily in Spain, Latin America and parts of the US, are also members.

English takes bronze, although it’s far more widely spoken than Spanish or Chinese, according to Ethnologue. English is established in 106 countries, compared to 37 for Chinese and 31 for Spanish.

English is the third most spoken language in the world. Image: REUTERS/Catherine Benson

It’s worth remembering, though, that these numbers are always changing, and our knowledge of the world’s languages is constantly being refined. The Ethnologue data represents one approximation of the situation.

Lonely languages

Speaking a language can be a lonely business.

There are over 1,000 languages with between 100 and 999 speakers, more than 300 with between 10 and 99, and 114 with nine speakers or less.

These 114 languages have so few speakers you could fit them in Barcelona’s Camp Nou stadium – 170 times.

Camp Nou stadium in Barcelona, Spain. Image: REUTERS/Albert Gea
Have you read?
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
Education and SkillsIndustries in Depth
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

University Impact Rankings 2024: The world's top universities for delivering the Sustainable Development Goals

Phil Baty

June 12, 2024

About Us



Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum